Uttara Kannada


Uttara Kannada district is one of the largest districts in the state and has abundant natural wealth. The district, with its diverse geographical features, consists of dense forests, rivers of all time, and abundant flora and fauna and is about 140 km long. Has the longest coastline. It has the states of Belgaum and Goa in the north, Dharwad district in the east, Shimoga and Udupi districts in the south. In the West is the version from the Arabian Sea. The district has a total forest area of ​​8.25 hectares with a total area of ​​10.25 lakh hectares. Only 1.2 lakh hectares of land (about 10%) is agriculture and horticulture. The district has 12 taluks namely, Karwar, Angola, Kumta, Bhatkal, Honnavar, Siddapur, Shirazi, Yallapur, Mundagoda, Supa (Zoida), Haliyala and Dandeli.

The district comprises six Pradeshiya Sabhas, 04 Revenue Subdivisions, 03 Municipalities, 04 Municipalities, 05 Town Panchayats, 19 Nodal Offices, 239 Grama Niladhari Centers, 35 Hobali, 208 Grama Panchayats and 1289 Villages. Kannada and Kondani are the main tribal languages. In the district, the percentage is Rs. 10 The land is the only cultivated area and the rest of the forest is covered. Man-made wonders can be found with natural wealth. The most important of these are: Hydroelectric power project and Nuclear power project.

Important hydroelectric projects; The Supa Dam, Kadra, Kodasalli, Gerusoppa Dams are accompanied by power plants. The Kaiga plant is known for its nuclear power project. Uttara Kannada district receives the highest rainfall during the monsoon season. The major rivers in the district are Kali (Karwar, Zoida Taluk), Aghanashini (Kumata, Sirsi. Siddapur), Sharavathi (Honnavar), Venkatapura River (Bhatkal Taluk). The rivers are 9 to 10 feet deep and the river bank is about 12 to 15 feet high.

Banavasi Madhukeshwara Temple, Ulivi Chennabasaveshwara, Sri Siddhivinayak Temple of Idagunjia, Mahabaleshwar Temple of Gokarna, Matobara Murdeshwara Temple of Murudeshwar.

J Shirazi Marikamba Temple is one of the famous shrines of the district. Jain Basadi, Swarnavalli Mutt, Sonda Fort, Mirzana Fort are some of the famous monuments. The mosque of Bhatkal is famous for its craftsmanship. Harvesting, Holi dance, Tiger disguise, Siddhi dance are some of the famous folk and traditional arts. Yakshagana is a popular art form in the district. Despite the district’s coastline, marine products are not well known. But fisheries activities are being carried out with the help of state and central government on a large scale. People living in rural areas mostly depend on agriculture. The major traditional occupations are agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry, silk, horticulture, beekeeping, and the leather industry. The major tribes of the district are – Siddi, Kunabi, Halakali, Gonda, and Gauli, The Siddi people are said to have been slaves of the Portuguese from Africa some 400 years ago. The Siddi community, with a population of approximately 10,000, mostly lives in Halilaya, Yellapur and Ankola Taluk. Now they have fully embraced the Indian culture and practiced mainly Hinduism. Some of the Siddhis are followers of Muslim and Christianity. Being economically disadvantaged, he works as a farm laborer in the tanks of Havana Brahmins.

The halakkali people living in the foothills of the Western Ghats are the original inhabitants of Uttara Kannada. Their traditional life style is very different and unique. They follow their own social governance system, the head of the society is called ‘Gowda’ and they are still following the ancient way of life which needs to be brought to the main channel of society. Husbands stay out of the house. Females wear neck collars and large braids. Gauls are migrants from Maharashtra. Tamanna is involved in herding and farming. Goulais live in the jungle and some rely on agricultural work. The Kumbhas are the most backward tribes in the Uttara Kannada district. Bamboo huts line up in small, small groups in the middle of the jungle. Gondaru lives in the jungles of Bhatkal taluk. They depend on forest products for life. Among them, the traditional tribal dance art is rich.

To know more http://uttarakannada.nic.in/


  • Social Models
    • Decent Employment
    • Food Security
    • Land Tenure
  • Economic Models
    • Land Productivity
    • Profitability
    • Resilience
  • Environmental Models
    • Soil Health
    • Water Use
    • Fertilizer Pollution Risk
    • Pesticide Risk
    • Biodiversity

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